Capital assets in community-based disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation mainstreaming in Ticao Island, Philippines

 

Research type: Academic
Research focus: CCA and DRR mainstreaming at the local level using a capital assets framework
Date created: September 2012
Key terms: disaster risk reduction and management, climate change, mainstreaming, capital assets, local level, local government unit, capacity building

 

ABSTRACT

 

The Philippines, a member of the ASEAN, has been one of the most affected by climate change and disaster risk (Harmeling, 2010; UNI‐EHS, 2011). These have been deleterious for the country’s commitment to achieving the Millennium Development Goals. In response, the Philippines has adopted legislation and policy dealing with Disaster Risk Reduction Management (DRRM) and Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) by passing Republic Act 9729 (Climate Change Act) and Republic Act 10121 (Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act). However, despite having the DRR Mainstreaming Guidelines (NEDA, UNDP, ECHA, 2008) to integrate DRR and CCA into local development plans as mandated by the legislation, a recent report (OCD‐NDRRMC, 2011) states that there are key limitations in the financial resources and operational capacities (pg. 5) of LGUs undertaking mainstreaming. Capacity building at the local and national levels was identified as a challenge to harmonizing the different plans1 and initiatives under DRRM and CCA (pg. 6).

Although Capacity Assessment has long been used as the framework to examine and address the capacity building issue this study looks at it through the capital assets approach. The study seeks to examine capital assets vis‐à‐vis community‐based mainstreaming of DRR and CCA into local development plans in two municipalities and their component barangays in Ticao Island, Philippines. The study has aimed to build upon the theoretical knowledge of capital assets in respect to capacity development and to add to the practical knowledge of the character and nature of use of capital assets by local government units for mainstreaming DRR and CCA into local development plans within the context of rural island municipalities.  Gaining practical knowledge on the character and nature of use of capital assets in the integration of DRR and CCA in planning on the island is hoped to increase the likelihood that local development plans better respond to global environmental change and disaster risk.

The research has shown that a capital assets framework can be used to measure DRR and CCA mainstreaming in planning at a community-level.  Measuring their capacity also increases the study actors’ perception and awareness of limitations in mainstreaming and increases the likelihood that the study actors respond and undertake appropriate strengthening measures .  Additionally the study actors have identified social and financial capital as having the most important function in mainstreaming.  The study has created a framework describing the relationship between capital assets as either being: prime capital, enabling capital, or transformative capital.  Lastly, the study has found that a lack of prime capital prevents effective and proper mainstreaming of DRR and CCA in community development planning.

Capital Assets play a complex role in mainstreaming DRR and CCA in the planning process of communities.  Finding out this role and how the community can strengthen and make the best use of these capital can help ensure that their planning documents are responsive to disasters and climate change.  More research on this theme and application on the ground is required to improve this understanding.  This study, however, has explored this role in the context of the four study sites providing both research relevant and community-specific findings.  Prime, enabling, and transformative capital are all needed in mainstreaming DRR and CCA in planning but all have different nuanced roles which DRR and CCA mainstreaming should pay particular attention to in the planning process of communities.

 

Batuan FGD May 25 2012_10

 

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Download the first 8 pages of the dissertation here.

Citation (Harvard Reference):

 Lecciones, A. J. M., 2012. Capital assets in community-based disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation mainstreaming in Ticao Island, Philippines. London: [unpublished masteral dissertation, Royal Holloway, University of London].